Possible risks of this surgery are Asymmetry, pain, medication reaction, scarring, slow healing, nipple numbness, bleeding, anesthesia reaction, permanent numbness, seroma, swelling, slow healing, nerve damage, skin irregularities, hematoma, change in nipple & areola color, infection, position irregularities of nipple & areola, heavy scar (Keloid) and interference with mammography. There are details of some major and common risks.
The wound infection risk in breast lift is less than 2 percent. The use of intravenous antibiotic during operation and use of antibiotic medicines after operation will definitely minimizes the infection risks. Sometime the blood which is collected due to the hematoma or incase of seroma also become infected and a patient requires regular drainage of this accumulated blood along with more courses of antibiotics. In extremely rare cases life threatening infections and harsh diseases have been noted after mastopxy therefore patients who have weak immune system and active infection in their body should not have breast lift surgery.
The risk of bleeding after the surgery is only 3 percent. Bleeding after the surgery is rare but if it happens, blood transfusion or drainage of accumulated blood are some ways to avoid bleeding. This risk can also be minimized by avoiding the use of any anti-inflammatory and aspirin for 10 days after and before operation. Dietary supplements and nonprescription herbs can also enhance the bleeding risks. Commonly women lose their two blood test tubes while surgery. Beside that if there any formation of blood clot then it must be removed immediately.
iii- Seroma and Hematoma
Sometimes the blood start accumulating in the depth of the breast tissue and this collected blood is called as Hematoma. Seroma is a type of fluid that arises from the breakdown of hematoma. In order to avoid this situation, most of the breast surgeons insert a drainage tube in the depth of the breast so may the fluid and accumulated blood can be removed by means of attached tube. After the complete drainage, there is also chance of re-accumulating of fluid in the breast in this case additional treatment is necessary for removing of accumulated blood and fluid.
Pain is part of every major surgery; a breast lift procedure also involves pain. According to the most of the women the first 48 hours after the surgery have greatest pain but this pain can easily be reduced by the prescription that your surgeon gives to you before going home. In rare cases some women develop long term pain (chronic) that requires additional treatment.
Every kind of breast surgeries which are performing in the world, have scarring issue. This scarring is permanent but with the passage of time it will become fade. Smoking is the major factor of poor scarring and healing. Many women have less noticeable scars within the 1 year of surgery. At first, all scars look lumpy and red. As a rule, the patient’s surgeon has to place incisions in that area which can easily be covered with under garments or bathing suit.
vi- Change in Skin and Nipple Sensation
Once the surgery is performed, it is common to feel temporary numbness in the nipple and skin and this issue resolves in 6 weeks to 6 months after the surgery. In this time period sometime patient sensation will increased at larger level or hypersensitivity that can easily be lessened with massage. Temporary or permanent loss of nipple and skin sensation can be happened in one or both nipples and this thing depends upon the level of breast surgery. Generally the sensation of the breast remains preserved until surgeons do not disturb the blood supply or detach the breast tissues. There are 10% each incidence of temporary or permanent loss of sensation in skin and nipple during a surgery.
vii- Areola-Nipple Shape and Size
In breast lift surgery, the position, size and shape of the nipple will not be similar to the opposite natural breast. In case of breast lift, depending upon the elasticity of skin of the both breasts one areola might be stretched more than the other. Further surgery might require in case of areola enlargement and stretching for making it similar to opposite breast.
viii- Fat Necrosis
Sometimes tissue present in the depth of the breast become dead and this situation causes hardness within that area of breast and sometimes it is also mistaken as breast lymph. Mammogram is used for differentiating between the lymph and hardened tissues. In rare cases fat necrosis are removed with an extra surgery.
In most of the surgical procedures deep sutures are used and a patient can easily notice these sutures after the operation. Sometimes these sutures suddenly break through the skin and produced irritation. They also become visible and require immediate removal.
x- Delayed Healing and Asymmetry
Delayed healing is possible and some areas of beast nipple and skin might take longer time to be healed as compared to the other wounds and incisions made during surgery. The slow healing normally seen at the inverted-T incision junction and usually takes several weeks to heal. Some areas of nipple and breast skin might die which require regular dressing changes and additional surgery to remove out the dead or non-healed tissues.
It is true that two breasts can never be identical and in case of sagging breast this thing is most common. After the breast lift surgery different areas of breast require different time to settle down or heal. In this period you can easily see the difference but with the passage of time this difference become slighter and slighter but if not then further surgical procedure are performed.
The final look of your breast will appear after the few months of surgery. Scarring due to incisions is permanent but they become less visible over time. The result of breast lift is long lasting but your breast will continue to change because of gravity and aging. But you can keep your new look longer if you keep a healthy life style and maintain your weight.